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Brain surgery in Tehran

Why Do People from Around the World Do Brain Surgery in Tehran?

The term brain tumor surgery is used for all types of surgery to repair structural problems and diseases inside the cranial cavity. Brain tumors are divided into four types, grades 1, 2, 3, and 4. Brain tumor surgery is an unavoidable operation, especially in symptomatic people. There are different types of surgical procedures for brain tumors. With the best doctors and modern equipment, Iran has become a hub of health tourism for all types of surgeries, including brain surgery. In this article, we are going to introduce brain surgery in Tehran.

Causes of Brain Tumor and Treatment Methods

No one knows the exact cause of a brain tumor. Experts believe that a series of genetic factors increase the probability of brain tumors in people, which are aggravated by environmental factors. Unfortunately, with increasing age, the probability of brain tumors increases by 2% every year. The risk of brain tumors increases with age. Also, people who are exposed to ionizing radiation have a higher risk of brain tumors. Blood clots or embolisms, skull fractures, and brain tumors are the things that make the operation of the brain tumor a definite and necessary treatment. Recent advances in medical science have made possible less invasive brain surgery procedures.

Neuroendoscopic Surgery and Endonasal Surgery in Tehran

Endoscopic brain surgery is a type of surgery to treat brain tumors. This operation is a less invasive surgery. Endoscopic brain surgery helps the surgeon identify and treat deep brain tumors. This method is less invasive than open brain surgery, which allows the surgeon to access the deep parts of the brain.

Endoscopic Brain Surgery in Tehran

An endoscope is a narrow device that has a small camera attached to it. This device is like a narrow tube. This device sends video images of the brain. The surgeon inserts this device into the brain through one or two holes in the skull. The device may also be directed to the brain through an incision in the body.

Endoscopic brain surgery provides the surgeon with a clear picture of the brain tumor. Using endoscopic brain surgery, the surgeon does not need to make a large incision in the skull bone. The surgeon can also access the brain through the nose or sinuses. In brain surgery with endoscopy, the images transmitted through the endoscope magnify the anatomical structures of the brain, as a result, the surgeon can easily observe the affected areas of the brain and, guided by the endoscope, repair or remove these affected areas. There are two main types of brain surgery with endoscopy in Tehran, which we will discuss below.

Brain surgery in Tehran

Brain Surgery with Endoscopy through the Nose (Endonasal) in Tehran

Endoscopic brain surgery is a new method used to treat brain tumors or other brain lesions through the nose or sinuses. Endoscopic brain surgery is used for lesions and brain tumors near the base of the skull and brain. This method is also used to treat tumors and lesions of the upper part of the spinal cord. Nasal surgery can also be used to treat sinusitis. In this method, there is no need to make a wide cut.

Tumors removed during endoscopic brain surgery can be the size of a baseball. With this method, brain tumors that were once untreatable due to the difficulty of access can be well treated.

Endoscopic brain surgery is performed through the nose under general anesthesia. Through the nose and sinuses, the surgeon directs an endoscope with a camera and a light to the point to be operated on. In brain tumor surgery with nasal endoscopy, the endoscope camera sends images of the brain to a screen. Also, the surgeon inserts special tools through the nose to cut and remove brain tumors.

Neuroendoscopic Brain Surgery in Tehran

Neuroendoscopic brain surgery is a less invasive method for successful treatment of brain tumors. This type of brain surgery is performed by making a small hole in the skull through the nose or mouth. In this method, there is no need to remove a large part of the skull bone to access the brain. The size of the hole created in this method is 10 to 12 mm.

How Is Neuroendoscopic Brain Surgery Done in Tehran?

Neuroendoscopic brain surgery is performed under general anesthesia and an endoscopic device is used on one side of the camera with high magnification power and on the other side of the screen. This device helps the surgeon to carefully control the movements and paths of the endoscope and direct it to the desired location in the skull.

Brain surgery in Tehran

This endoscopic method is especially used for sampling tissue suspected of brain malignancy. Brain tissue sampling is useful for confirming or rejecting the presence of a brain tumor after pathological examinations of the sampled tissue. Neuroendoscopic brain surgery is also used in the treatment of brain tumors that are located in parts of the brain that are difficult to access.

Deep Brain Stimulation for the Treatment of Parkinson’s Disease in Tehran

Deep brain stimulation, or DBS, for Parkinson’s treatment, is a medical technique in which electrodes or conductive devices are placed in the brain to send abnormal electrical impulses. This method consists of 4 parts:

  • Leads that end in electrodes implanted in the brain
  • A pacemaker-like device that generates electrical impulses
  • Delayed leads transmitting electrical impulses from the pacemaker
  • Computer operator who adjusts pacemaker signals

Is Deep Brain Stimulation the Right Treatment for Parkinson’s Disease?

Although deep brain stimulation or DBS for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease is an ideal method for diagnosing and treating Parkinson’s disease, before choosing this treatment method in a patient with Parkinson’s symptoms, a general evaluation must be done. The patient should be examined by a team of specialists. This team includes psychiatrists and neurologists. Deep brain stimulation or DBS is not the treatment of choice for Parkinson’s disease if the patient is well-controlled with medication. People who are suitable for deep brain stimulation or DBS for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease include the following people:

  • Lack of adequate control of disease symptoms despite taking an appropriate dose of levodopa
  • The symptoms of the disease cause a significant decrease in the patient’s quality of life
  • Abnormal and unconscious motor symptoms have not improved despite changing the medication
  • Higher doses of levodopa may be required frequently
  • The patient cannot take medications correctly

Brain surgery in Tehran

How Is Deep Brain Stimulation Used to Treat Parkinson’s Disease?

Deep brain stimulation or DBS to treat Parkinson’s disease sends electrical impulses to the brain that are responsible for the symptoms caused by Parkinson’s disease. If the abnormal electrical activity of the brain is intensified, these abnormal electrical impulses can be detected. Three different areas in the brain can be targeted with deep brain stimulation, or DBS, including:

  • Subthalamic nucleus
  • Internal globus pallidus
  • Ventral nucleus of the thalamus

Each area has a different role in controlling the movements of the human body. In deep brain stimulation or DBS, electrodes are implanted inside the brain. These electrodes are connected by a wire to a pacemaker device that is located in the chest and under the collarbone. When the pacemaker is activated, it sends electrical waves to the brain and changes the brain waves. Deep brain stimulation waves or DBS work similarly to a heart pacemaker. In other words, deep brain stimulation, or DBS acts as a pacemaker for the patient’s brain.

DBS for the Treatment of Parkinson’s Disease, Levodopa Response Test

The response to a specific dose of levodopa is used as an additional test to diagnose patients. In this test, the patient uses a certain dose of levodopa at a certain time. Patients who respond well to a certain dose of levodopa will usually also respond well to deep brain stimulation or DBS. For most patients, Parkinson’s treatment with deep brain stimulation or DBS is similar to levodopa treatment, except without the side effects of the drugs. Deep brain stimulation, or DBS, remains a viable treatment option for patients with tremors or hand tremors due to Parkinson’s disease who are not treated with levodopa. Deep brain stimulation or DBS is also helpful in reducing dyskinesia or disorder of voluntary body movements caused by Parkinson’s.\

Brain surgery in Tehran

Types of Spinal Stenosis and Their Treatment Methods in Tehran

Spinal stenosis is caused by straining the spinal cord in the spine and as a result on the spinal nerves. The spine in humans plays an important role in maintaining the stability and fitness of the body. The spine is made up of a series of bones called vertebrae, which extend from the neck to the tailbone. This part of the body acts like a column that allows a person to sit, turn, and bend. The spine is a very sensitive part of the human body because the nerves pass between the vertebrae and allow messages to pass from the brain to the body parts and vice versa. The bones and tissues around the vertebrae protect these nerves. If these nerves are not damaged, they cause disturbances in functions such as walking, balance, and senses.

The spinal canal is a narrow space in which the spinal cord is located and the spinal nerves exit from it. Spinal stenosis often occurs in the neck and lower back. Some people with spinal canal stenosis may not have any symptoms or others may have symptoms such as pain, itching, numbness, and muscle weakness. Symptoms get worse and more severe over time. Spinal stenosis is caused by injury or rupture of the spinal cord arteries. In severe cases, doctors may recommend spinal stenosis surgery to create more space for the spinal cord or nerves.

Cases of Spinal Stenosis that Require Spinal Canal Stenosis Surgery in Tehran

Most people with spinal stenosis are over 50 years old. Although some bone-eroding diseases cause damage to the spinal cord, other cases of spinal cord injury should also be considered. These causes of spinal cord injury can be congenital disorders or disorders such as scoliosis (spine deviation) or genetic diseases leading to bone and muscle growth disorders.

Radiological examinations of the spine in these cases can help to make a definitive diagnosis. In rare cases, untreated spinal stenosis can progress to become a permanent problem and require spinal stenosis surgery. Symptoms of spinal stenosis include:

  • Numbness of the limbs
  • Muscle weakness
  • Balance disorder
  • Urinary and fecal incontinence
  • Trembling or paralysis of limbs

Brain surgery in Tehran

Treatment of Spinal Stenosis by Spinal Canal Stenosis Surgery in Tehran

The treatment of spinal stenosis depends on the location of the stenosis and the severity of your symptoms. Talk to your doctor about the best treatment for your problem. If you have few or no symptoms, your doctor’s advice may be to monitor and visit regularly. Also, the doctor will give you some personal care recommendations for home. If these recommendations do not help, drug treatment and physical therapy will be recommended. Finally, if these treatments do not solve your problem, spinal stenosis surgery is the only available option. Surgery is recommended only when other treatments do not resolve the patient’s problem. The purpose of spinal stenosis surgery is to reduce pressure on the nerve cord or nerve roots by creating additional space in the spinal canal.

Medical Tourism for Brain Surgery in Tehran

Medical services in the field of medical tourism include brain, heart, nose surgery, beauty and hair transplant, etc. These medical services are generally related to vital parts of the body and form the most common and at the same time the most sensitive sub-branch of medical tourism. These trips usually take place for the treatment of disease, surgery, or control of the patient’s health in clinics, medical centers, and hospitals. Iran is one of the tourist countries in the world that has medical tourism services. Among the health tourism attractions for brain surgery in Tehran, the following can be mentioned:

  • The existence of specialist doctors and associates
  • Having hospitals and clinics under the supervision of world standards
  • A useful history of medical science
  • The existence of medical infrastructure with medical supervision
  • Complete and up-to-date medical equipment
  • The existence of hotels with suitable welfare services and the field of activities such as tourism and tourist services for travelers

Tehran Offers Provides Housing Services for Brain Surgery in Tehran

In this article, we explained some brain surgery methods in Tehran. You can perform this surgery with the best quality in Tehran with only a fraction of the cost required for brain surgery in other countries.

Tehran Offers is the largest real estate agency for housing foreigners in Tehran. In addition to providing housing services, we at Tehran Offers regularly post useful content on our blog so that foreigners who are in Tehran can use the city’s facilities in the best possible way.

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