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Tehran’s Weather in a Nutshell: A Four-Season City
Tehran, as the capital of Iran, is known mostly for industry and administrative works. However, the history, comfort facilities, and many tourist attractions of this city have attracted the attention of travel enthusiasts. To say Tehran’s weather in a nutshell, it is a four-season city in Iran, as it hosts domestic and foreign travelers all year round.
At that time, when the city of Tehran was limited to a few famous gates, perhaps few people thought that the city of those days would become the metropolis it is today. A city with about 15 million people and 22 districts, each of which has its own characteristics and advantages, and disadvantages. When Mehrabad Airport was being built, few people thought that this airport would be completely located inside the city.
Now, with the growth of this labyrinth, people’s criteria for choosing a residential area have undergone many changes. Today, factors such as the climate of a region have become one of the most important influencing factors in choosing a house. In this article, we are going to explore Tehran’s weather in a nutshell.
Geographical Location of Tehran in a Nutshell
Tehran is located on the border between the mountainous region and the plain. Three factors play an effective role in the climate of Tehran. Alborz mountain range, humid western winds, and the vastness of the province. In regions 1 to 5 of Tehran, the climate is semi-cold and in regions 6 to 22 of Tehran, the climate is temperate. The average rainfall of Tehran varies from 230 mm per year to 500 mm per year in different areas of the city.
The Alborz mountain range has moderated the climate of Tehran. In the north of Tehran, the climate is moderate and mountainous, and semi-arid in low-altitude areas. Rainfall is usually high in winter. The cold season starts in December, but it starts a little earlier in the mountainous areas. Cold seasons last three or four months. In March, the cold weather gradually decreases, and in the middle of April, the weather warms up faster, and in early June, the weather is relatively warm.
Tehran’s climate is hot and dry in the desert and south areas, cold and semi-humid in the mountainous areas, and cold in the highlands with long winters. The hottest month of the year is July with an average maximum temperature of 37°C and the coldest month of the year is January with an average minimum temperature of 0°C. The temperature of Tehran is a bit cold in the moderate winter and hot in the summer.
Factors Affecting Tehran’s Weather in a Nutshell
The northern part of Tehran and Shemiranat is also moderate in summer. The most annual precipitation occurs in the winter months. In a nutshell, in different areas of Tehran, due to the special geographical location, different climates have been formed. Three geographical factors play an effective role in the overall climate of Tehran province:
- Desert or desert plain: dry areas such as Qazvin Plain, Qom Plain, and dry areas of Semnan province, which are adjacent to Tehran province, are negative factors affecting the air of Tehran province and cause heat and dryness of the air, along with dust
- Alborz mountain range: This mountain ranges moderates the weather
- Wet and rainy western winds: these winds play an effective role in moderating the scorching heat of the desert, but they do not neutralize its effect
Tehran’s Climatic Regions in a Nutshell
The climate of Tehran is influenced by mountains in the north and plains in the south. Except for the north of Tehran, which is influenced by the mountains, its climate is mild and humid to some extent, the climate of the rest of the city is generally hot and dry and a little cold in winter.
The Alborz mountain range effectively prevents the penetration of many air masses like a dam, and as a result, the city’s air is drier on the one hand and relatively calm on the other hand. Tehran province can be divided into the following three climatic regions, which we will explain in the following.
The climate of the northern highlands
The climate of the northern highlands is located on the southern slopes of the central Alborz heights above 3000 meters and has a humid, semi-humid, and cold climate with very cold and long winters.
The mountain climate is located at an altitude of two to thousand meters above sea level and has a semi-humid and cold climate and relatively long winters. Abali, Firouzkoh, Damavand, Lavasan, Amir Kabir Dam and Taleghan are located in this region.
The semi-arid and dry climate
With short winters and hot summers, it is located at an altitude of less than 1000 meters. As the altitude decreases, the environment becomes drier. Varamin, Shahryar, and the south of Karaj are located in this region.
Tehran’s Climate in a Nutshell
The wind direction in most months of the year in Tehran province. It is western and only in two months of the year, the wind blows from the southeast and in the other two months from the north. In this way, in most months of the year, the winds are from the west and are associated with a lot of fluctuation.
The general direction of these currents is almost parallel to the general direction of the Alborz mountains, so the effect of these mountains is more in the form of an average reduction of the wind in the southern foothills.
In general, the air in Tehran is calmer than its neighboring places and there are not many winds. The climate of the mountainous areas of Tehran is moderate and its plains are semi-desert, although the characteristics are mostly due to the geographical location of Tehran – which is located between two different regions.
On the other hand, the average length of days in summer is 14 hours and 26 minutes, and it decreases to 9 hours and 34 minutes in winter. The fluctuation of rainfall in Tehran province has increased from year to year and the amount of rainfall is different in different years. Meanwhile, the annual rainfall in this province increases from south to north.
Between 40 and 50 percent of the total rainfall in Tehran province occurs in winter, and the highest air pressure is seen in late autumn and early winter. This point shows that cold air masses prevail in these months. In the winter season, due to the retreat of the cold front towards the north of the country, dry air masses influence this area, due to which the air becomes low pressure.
Best Places to Live in Tehran in Terms of Weather in a Nutshell
Districts 1, 3, and 5 are the best districts of Tehran in terms of weather. There are many neighborhoods in these areas, which are considered to be the best areas of Tehran, both in terms of weather conditions and terms of coziness and solitude. The important thing is that the solitude of an area and the presence of a lot of greenery in it are the main factors of its good weather. District 3 of Tehran is not a secluded area, but due to the presence of vast green spaces in this area, it has a unique atmosphere.
If you are thinking of renting an apartment in Tehran and you are looking for a relatively quiet, beautiful, and pleasant area, you should definitely think of District 1. This district is the northernmost district of the city. It is bounded by the Alborz mountain range from the north, Sadr Highway from the south, Lavasanat from the east, and Chamran Highway and Evin area from the west. In this area, you can find a variety of large and small houses with modern and classic designs. In a nutshell, the best neighborhoods of Tehran in terms of weather are the following.
Darous Neighborhood’s Weather in a Nutshell
If you are interested in villas, quiet streets and green alleys, and quiet garden alleys, then the Darous neighborhood is also a very attractive choice. The climate in this area is absolutely ideal. This unique neighborhood is located in District 3 of Tehran.
In addition to having very good weather conditions, this area is also considered one of the most peaceful and beautiful areas of Tehran. If you like to live in an area with good weather, calm alleys with beautiful gardens, and attractive buildings, Sohank is a very good choice. Fortunately, the traffic in this part of the city is quite smooth and this issue has been effective in its clean air. It is because of the existence of many wide streets in this area.
Another area with good weather and authenticity is the Kashank neighborhood. This neighborhood, which is considered one of the greenest areas of the city, has silence and peace that can be achieved in a few neighborhoods in Tehran.
If you are interested in the northwest neighborhoods of Tehran and want to live in a quiet neighborhood with good weather, the Shahran neighborhood is also a good choice. Perhaps the distance of this neighborhood from the city center is an important reason for the calmness and good weather in this area. Fortunately, there is no traffic in this neighborhood.
The Best Weather to Travel to Tehran
In a nutshell, the best weather in Tehran depends on what kind of weather you like. Different regions of Tehran have different climates. For example, the north of Tehran is usually colder and the south is usually warmer than other parts of the city, at any time of the year.
Tehran is one of the four-season cities in Iran and you can experience different weather in every part of the city. The north of Tehran and its surrounding areas are usually cooler and cleaner, and the central and southern areas are warmer, but unfortunately more polluted than other parts of the city. If you are not interested in experiencing the hot sun or the burning cold, spring, and autumn are the perfect seasons to travel to Tehran.
Tehran’s Spring Weather in a Nutshell
Most people who plan to travel to Tehran choose the spring season. Green nature and clear sky, which are rarely seen in other seasons, have made spring the best time to travel to Tehran. Nowruz holiday is without a doubt the best time to stay in Tehran because most of Tehran’s citizens have gone on a trip and with less population density, the city is clean, quiet, and without traffic. As a result, you can easily move around the city and visit tourist attractions.
Tehran’s Summer Weather in a Nutshell
The extreme heat and pollution that comes after the dry air may bother you in the summers of Tehran. But nocturnal and long night stays are never as good as summer. If you are planning to travel to Tehran in the summer, we suggest you postpone your visit to the early morning or night, when there are no signs of the hot and burning sun, and relax at your place of residence in the afternoon. Of course, most tourist areas and arcades have air conditioners, and usually, you will not have any problems in the covered spaces.
Tehran’s Autumn Weather in a Nutshell
Autumn is usually the best time to travel to Tehran. There are many old trees in the city that are centuries old. The yellow and orange leaves of these trees, along with occasional rains, give the city an attractive and heartwarming look. There is no cold or extreme heat in autumn and the temperature is quite suitable in this season.
Tehran’s Winter Weather in a Nutshell
If you are not traveling to Tehran for the purpose of using ski slopes and winter recreation, we do not recommend traveling to Tehran in winter. In this season, Tehran is witnessing intense heat and cold. And since this city has a dry climate, the cold is associated with various diseases, influenza, and sinusitis. In addition, the inversion phenomenon increases air pollution in Tehran’s winters, so that breathing becomes difficult for all groups.
TehranOffers Helps You Enjoy Tehran’s Weather
In this article, we reviewed Tehran’s weather in a nutshell. To travel to Tehran, spring and autumn are more suitable than other seasons in terms of weather. But if you are looking for the best time to travel, you will not find a better time than the Nowruz holiday. The blue sky and clean air along with the quiet and peaceful streets will bring you a better travel experience and you can enjoy Tehran’s tourist attractions and nature the most.
TehranOffers‘ website is associated with the real estate agency in Tehran. We at TehranOffers help foreigners who want to dwell in Tehran. Aside from providing you with the best houses for rent, we also provide useful materials in our blog. These materials include guides so that you can get familiar with different parts of Tehran and access the centers that you need.